In 2011, the average Finn consumed 182 kilos of liquid dairy products, 79 kilos of cereals, 78 kilos of meat, 63 kilos of vegetables, and 58 kilos of fruit. This information is presented in the preliminary Balance Sheet for Food Commodities 2011, which is compiled by the Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Tike).

Consumption of skimmed milk began to fall

According to the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, Finns consumed an average of 129 litres of milk per capita in 2011, which is 2 litres less than the previous year. Of this total, 10 percent was full-fat milk, approximately 50 percent was low-fat milk, and 40 percent was skimmed milk. The consumption of full-fat milk increased by a litre compared to the previous year, while the consumption of skimmed milk fell by 2.5 litres. The consumption of skimmed milk began to fall after a long period of growth.

The consumption of sour milk was approximately 12 litres per capita, some 4 percent down from the previous year. The consumption of Finnish curd milk increased slightly compared to the previous year, amounting to slightly over 5 kilos. The consumption of yoghurt continued to increase, similar to previous years. Its consumption amounted to approximately 24 kilos per capita in 2011 – up slightly over 2 percent on the previous year. The consumption of cream increased by 0.6 litres to 7.6 litres. The total consumption of liquid dairy products amounted to 182 kilos per capita in 2011, up approximately 1 percent on the previous year.

Consumption of pork increased

The consumption of meat was 78 kilos per capita in 2011, including game and offal. On average, Finns consumed 36.4 kilos of pork, 18.6 kilos of beef, and 18.2 kilos of poultry in 2011. The consumption of lamb averaged 0.7 kilos, horse and reindeer meat half a kilo each.

The total consumption of meat increased by 2 percent from the previous year. The consumption of pork increased by almost 5 percent and the consumption of poultry by 0.5 percent. The consumption of beef was roughly on a par with 2010.

Finns ate 10 kilos of eggs on average in 2011. The consumption of eggs increased by approximately 3 percent on the previous year. The consumption of butter increased by as much as 20 percent, to 4 kilos per capita. The consumption of blends increased by 7 percent to 3 kilos per capita. No data on the consumption of margarine is available.

Slight fall in the consumption of cereals

The total consumption of cereals fell by 0.5 percent from 2010 to 79 kilos. Of this total, wheat accounted for approximately 60 percent, rye for one-fifth and oats and rice for 7 percent each. The consumption of wheat fell by slightly under 1 kilo, while the consumption of oats increased by slightly under half a kilo compared to 2010. The consumption of rye, barley and rice remained almost unchanged.

Consumption of fruit and vegetables increased

The vegetable harvest was a record-high in Finland in 2011, and the imports of vegetables also increased. The amount of vegetables available thus totalled 63 kilos per capita or 7 kilos more than a year before. The actual increase in food consumption may not necessarily be this high, because storage losses and wastage in other stages of the food chain cannot be estimated in calculating the balance sheet for food commodities.

According to the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities, the consumption of fruit increased by 7 percent on the previous year to 50.5 kilos. The consumption of citrus fruit was on a par with the previous year, approximately 13 kilos. The consumption of other fresh fruit, on the other hand, increased by 3.5 kilos to 37.5 kilos per capita. The consumption of canned fruit amounted to slightly under 7 kilos.

Background information

Compiled by Tike, the Balance Sheet for Food Commodities summarises the production, domestic use and consumption of Finland’s most important food commodity groups. The balance sheet lists a total of 12 food commodity groups. It contains annual domestic use figures for more than 70 products, showing production, changes in stocks, exports and imports. Domestic use is divided by purpose of use into animal feed, seed use, industrial raw materials and food. The figures for annual per capita consumption are based on food products purchased for use as food. The consumption figures for certain products, such as vegetables, are only approximate with this statistical method. They are more descriptive of the volume available for consumption than the actual consumption, because the amounts of storage loss and other wastage, for example, are not available and are thus included in the consumption figures.

The statistical tables related to this press release are available at the Matilda Agricultural Statistics Service under Balance sheet for food commodities.

Additional information:

Tike, Statistical Services
Tarja Kortesmaa, Actuary, tel. +358 295 313 141